The Black Paintings
The Black Paintings (spanish “Pinturas negras”) is the name given to a group of paintings by Francisco Goya. They portray intense, haunting themes, reflective of both his fear of insanity and by then, his bleak outlook on humanity.
In 1819, at the age of 72, Goya moved into a two-story house outside Madrid called Quinta del Sordo (“Deaf Man’s Villa”). Although the house had been named after the previous owner, who was deaf, Goya was himself nearly totally deaf at the time as a result of an illness.
After the Napoleonic Wars and the internal turmoil of the changing Spanish government, Goya developed an embittered attitude towards men. He had a first-hand and acute awareness of panic, terror, fear and hysteria. He had survived two near-fatal illnesses, and grew increasingly anxious and impatient in fear of relapse. The combination of these factors is thought to have led to his production of 14 works known collectively as the Black Paintings.
Goya used oil paints and worked directly on the walls of his dining and sitting rooms. The paintings were not commissioned and were not meant to leave his home. Also it is likely that the artist never intended the works for public exhibition. Goya did not title the paintings, or if he did, he never revealed those titles; most of their names have been provided by art historians.
The paintings shown above are:
A Pilgrimage to San Isidro (La romería de San Isidro), 1819-1823
Saturn Devouring His Son (Saturno devorando a su hijo), 1819-1823
Women Laughing (Mujeres riendo), 1819-1823
(pictures & text from Wikipedia)